In Nursery children work on Phase 1 Phonics using the Letters and Sounds Scheme - this concentrates on developing children's speaking and listening skills and lays the foundations for the phonic work which starts in Phase 2. The emphasis during Phase 1 is to get children attuned to the sounds around them and ready to begin developing oral blending and segmenting skills.
The aim of this aspect is to raise children's awareness of the sounds around them and to develop their listening skills. Activities suggested in the guidance include going on a listening walk, drumming on different items outside and comparing the sounds, playing a sounds lotto game and making shakers.
This aspect aims to develop children's awareness of sounds made by various instruments and noise makers. Activities include comparing and matching sound makers, playing instruments alongside a story and making loud and quiet sounds.
From Reception your child will begin to learn how to read and write, this is taught through daily phonics sessions.
From September 2018 Reception will be using Read Write Inc. to teach phonics which is slightly different to previous years.
Children will learn to read and write the sounds from RWI set 1 - each sound comes with a rhyme to help the children to form each letter sound correctly. Please could you ensure that you reinforce these formations with your child to avoid any confusion.
When children know some of these sounds they will begin to learn how to blend the sounds into words e.g. b-e-d "bed" and how to segment words into their sounds "bed" b-e-d. Each week children will be given a different set of green words to practice at home as well as in school which can all be blended and segmented in this way. Children will also be exposed to some trickier red words, these cannot be broken up in this method and require some additional learning.
Below is a document containing all Set 1 sounds with the letter formation rhyme taught in school.
In the Spring Term, Reception children will begin to learn RWI set 2 sounds - which are longer vowel sounds such as ay, ee, igh, ow, oo etc.
The children will also learn green words which include these new sounds, in addition to this they will learn further red words which cannot be sounded out.
As their phonetic knowledge increases and they become more competent at using blending and segmenting the children will be challenged to both read and write simple sentences of increasing difficulty.